UK Maternity Pay – One of the Worst in Europe

Why is UK Maternity Pay (SMP) one of the worst in Europe? It’s a question that has been asked by many families for years now.

The bigger question is, are we any closer to seeing the changes we’re looking for? Well, who knows?!

But before I get into it, let’s take a look at the UK’s history on maternity leave and what we are actually entitled to in this country.

A brief history of Maternity Leave and Pay

Up until around the 1970s women were usually sacked by their employers for becoming pregnant. It wasn’t until 1975 that we introduced the first maternity leave legislation. However, for around 15 years, roughly only 50% of working pregnant women were actually eligible for statutory maternity leave. This was due to the many qualifying factors, such as employment length.

In order to bring Britain in line with the European Commission directive, statutory maternity leave was finally offered to all working women from around 1993.

Though it’s not unreasonable to assume that some employers would still have discriminated against pregnant women and found ‘legitimate reasons’ to let them go.

A paid paternity leave was introduced for male employees in 2003. A little later in 2010, a further change was made which allowed couples to split their SMP between each other. This additional regulation entitles fathers to take up to 26 weeks of paternity leave in the first year of the child’s life to allow mothers to return to work. At the same time, an extension was made to male statutory paternity leave to allow 2 weeks of paid paternity leave at the existing SMP rates.

So what is your current statutory maternity leave entitlement?

SMP in the UK currently entitles you to 52 weeks of leave, but not all of this is paid leave. Here is how it’s broken down:

  • First 6 weeks at 90% pay for women & 2 weeks for men at the same rate.
  • 33 weeks of either 90% of your average weekly pay or £151.20 a week, whichever is lower.
  • The remaining 13 weeks as unpaid leave.
  • There is also the option of splitting your leave between yourself & your partner which allows one partner to return to work and the remaining partner to continue paternity leave for up to 26 weeks.

Take a look at gov.uk/maternity-pay-leave/pay for full details on what you may be entitled to.

How does this compare to other countries?

Many people believe the UK has one of the best maternity systems in the world. While that may be true, on paper, don’t be fooled.

The government would like us to believe this is the case. But when you look at how these findings are measured you will see why it’s simply not true. The government base these results on stacking the UK against the rest of the world. This includes countries with much lower economies than our own. Countries considered extremely poor in comparison.

So when looking at it this way, of course, on average we would come out smelling of roses.

But why would you compare the UK with countries with a much lower economy?

It’s like comparing the exam paper results of junior school children with that of secondary school children, for the exact same exam paper! You just wouldn’t do it. You would understand they are on completely different playing fields, educationally, and therefore require very different exam papers.

 

It’s the same for countries and economies. However, when you stack the UK against countries with similar economic status, the picture looks much different. Here are just a few examples of what other countries are doing when it comes to maternity leave –

Finland

Finland’s new government has new SMP plans for 2021, which entitles parents to the following –

  • 14 months combined paid leave between both parents
  • Allowance calculated on annual income with a basic rate for anyone who has not earned an income
  • Single parents can also claim the amount of two parents

Sweden

  • A whopping 15 months leave at 80% of their normal pay
  • 18 weeks reserved just for mothers, after which parents can split up their time however they choose
  • Fathers receive 12 weeks of the 15 months just for them

Norway

  • Mothers can take 48 weeks at full pay or 59 weeks at 80% pay.
  • Fathers are also entitled to between 0 – 10 weeks depending on their partner income

Belgium

  • Mothers can take up to 15 weeks of maternity leave paid at 82% for the first 30 days and 75% for the remaining time.
  • Self-employed full-time mothers can take 12 weeks of leave at a flat rate of €475.41 per week

Why we need a change…

Although maternity leave length varies from one country to another, it’s clear the overall pay is much lower for the UK compared with many other similar economic countries. Many of which are considerably less wealthy than the UK.

In a world where racism is finally being called out and no longer tolerated, the LGBTQ community is being more widely accepted and respected, and the fight for equal opportunities for women has never been so strong, I’m surprised I haven’t seen more in the news & social media on how we manage maternity rights in this country.

It baffles me how we have managed to progress as much as we have in recent years on other important topics, yet don’t seem to have advanced much at all when it comes to maternity rights.

To see how this affects real families in real life, all you have to do is a quick google search. Low-income families struggle to get by with the current SMP. Mothers have to cut short maternity leave to return to work as they just can’t afford not to.

Isn’t it about time we moved forward with this? Aren’t we a country that prides itself on equal opportunities and progressive social policies?

If so, then isn’t it time we caught up with other countries who are seemingly doing it much better than we are?

If you too feel that change needs to be made to Statutory Maternity Pay in the UK then let’s spread the word. The government won’t make a change off their own backs. We, the people, need to shout loud enough about it first.

 

What to read next… 

If your a new mum or dad, navigating your way through the many highs and lows of life with a newborn I have a great post that could really help you through.

 

 

About Author

Hi, I'm Alex, welcome to my little corner of the internet.
I'm here to share my journey to motherhood and beyond. You may not find structured advice from a 'Stepford housewife' style mum, but you will get honesty & realism from a regular mum just like you.
From IVF, women's health & being a redhead to pregnancy, toddlerhood & life as a work-from-home mum, I've got it all.
So stay and take a look around, you never know what you might find.

(15) Comments

  1. Wow! This was a very insightful post. Maternity pay is so important and more light needs to be shed on this topic. Thanks for sharing this brilliant post 🙌🏾

    1. One Clueless Mum says:

      Thank you! And thank you for reading. 😊

  2. I never actually realised that a decent form of maternity leave and maternity pay was introduced in 1993. Looking at what you’ve researched it is quite a shock compared to other EU countries. I know it all needs improvement and there is work to do but I am sure as a nation we will get there.

    1. thelearnermum says:

      Wow I am so shocked at how relatively recently Maternity, and especially Paternity pay were introduced! Not to mention how we fare compared to other countries.
      I’m currently relying on SMP alone and it’s rubbish! Great post raising awareness of this 💜

      1. One Clueless Mum says:

        Thank you. It really is an eye opener isn’t it!

  3. It is really shocking when you put it next to other countries! Although I was not surprised to see the countries that are doing it well!

    We really do get things wrong sometimes, let’s hope things change soon x

  4. It’s actually so shocking to see these figures. I’ve not got any of my own babies yet but I know that when I do, I’ll need all the help I can get. My fiance will want to be around to help and be there but if the pay is so low, we would have no choice but to have him back at work.
    Why is such a magical time marred by low pay and little support?
    This has to change!
    Thank you for bringing this to my attention!

    Rosie

    1. One Clueless Mum says:

      We’re in the same position. My partner will only be taking the standard two weeks paternity. Luckily for us, he has quite a bit of holiday time he’s carried over from last year so he will be able to use a few weeks of his holiday too.
      Thanks for reading 😊

  5. This is a really interesting and informative post! Thank you for sharing this! I totally agree that change needs to happen and I hope it happens soon!

  6. Wow! I learned quite a lot from this post, thank you for sharing on such an important topic!

  7. That’s awful! It really does discourage people from having families because they can’t afford it! It’s probably why there are so many children living in poverty!

    1. One Clueless Mum says:

      It will definitely be a big contributing factor. It’s quite a contrast to other countries.

  8. lynnmumbingmejia says:

    Wow! This was such an interesting read. I actually don’t know too much about maternity leave/pay but I’d like to start trying soon so this is very insightful. I’ll have to check out how Canada does it. Thanks for sharing x

    Lynn | https://www.lynnmumbingmejia.com

  9. I never knew there was anything called maternity leave or pay haha but I learnt a whole lot from this post. Thank you for sharing.

  10. Great post. Certainly an eye opener when you compare us to European countries. We’re the poor relations, as always.

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